the Rhovanian Tongues were agroup of languages among the northrons of Middle-earth.The oldest attested forms of rhovanian had been spoken during the times of Vidugavia although it presumably had far older roots in the languages of the Edain, especially the Old Mago Dialect.By the late third Age it had split into at last three different languages, a southern or western Form, spoken by the Rohirrim and Beornings, a western and southern form spoken by the Woodmen and a northern strain spoken by the Men of Esgaroth and Dale.In Daily life however Rhovanian had, by the end of the third Age, often been replaced by common Westron.

Tolkien´s use of germanic Languages:

Language Peoples
Anglo-Saxon Rohirrim, Éothéod, Hobbits (some personal names), Beornings
English Hobbits, Bree-men
Old Frankish, Burgundian Hobbits (some personal names), Radagast (personal name), Woodmen (possibly)
Gothic Northmen of Rhovanion
Norse Dwarves of Durin´s Tribe, Lake-men, Bardings, Dale-men

Rhovanian Tongues in MERP:

People Language real-world language
Bardings New Rhovanian or Delsk old norse
Men of the Misty Mountains (Beijabar) Atliduk, Berniska modified Gothic
Beornings Beorning, Éothéodan anglo-saxon
Éothéod Éothéodan (early Rohan) anglo-saxon
Eriadain Eriadan modified Visigothic
Eothraim (Ehwathrumi) Eothrik or Aihvathiudiska modified Gothic
Estaravi (Isumhari) Estaravik modified Gothic, later Anglo-Saxon
Gramuz Gramuik, Gramiska modified gothic
Holbytlas (Kuduk) Kuduk (Éothéodan) Anglo-Saxon, Frankish or Burgundian
Lakemen Neneduk (northern Rhovanian) old norse
Men of Dale Delsk (northern Rhovanian) old norse
Men of Pinnath Ceren Eriadic modified gothic
rohirrim (Eorlingas) Rohan (Éothéodan) anglo-saxon
Vulseggi Eriadic modified gothic
Woodmen Nahaiduk modified gothic or modified frankish

additional Tribes from the Fan-modules:

People Language real-world language
Ibnothiuda modified gothic
Bergothiuda modified gothic

rhovanian languages: common Words in comparison

(Anglo-Saxon) (Old Norse) (latinized Gothic) (Old Frankish) (english)
theod (þéod) thiód (þjódh) thiuda (þiuda) theud People
éo (Eoh) Iór (Jór) aiva (Aihwa) eu Horse
ric rik (rikr) reik (reiks) rich(o) Ruler
beorn biorn (bjorn) *baira, *bera, *bere bern, bere bear
wine win (vinr) wini win friend
me(a)r (Mere) mar(r) (Maerr) mari mar proud
mear (Mearh) mar(r) marh mahr, mehr horse
wyn wunia una fin(e) joy
here her(r) hari, harya her(i) host
wudu wid vidu (widu) wid wood
burg, burh borg baurg (baurgs) Burg, Burch Castle
faeder fodur (fǫður) fadar, atta fader, feder father
tunga tunga tuggo zunga tongue


The rhovanian Tongues are commonly represented by real-world germanic idioms.In his books Tolkien uses Old Norse (modernised Eddic Forms), Gothic (latinized forms), Anglo-Saxon (wessex dialect) and rarely old frankish , Burgundian or Lombard (romanized forms).Common English (sometimes archaic english) is used to represent the common tongue Westron.

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